Posted By Jes S. Posted On

Discovering a giant structure more than 3000 years old

A huge complex of monuments about 3,000 years old, including a series of ancient structures, a large platform and a pyramid, has been confirmed to be the largest and oldest set of structures discovered in the region. Mayan civilization. This population is located in the Aguada Fénix area, Tabasco state, Mexico, known as the place of origin of the ancient Maya civilization.

This discovery was published in the prestigious academic journal Nature, discovered through excavation and aerial mapping through LiDAR technology. This is the latest evidence showing that the Maya built monumental structures from the beginning of time, larger than those completed more than a millennium later during the Classic Maya period (250- 900 AD), the time when this empire was developing most brilliantly.

Archaeologist Takeshi Inomata from the University of Arizona said that the overall scale of the complex is at least 130 million cubic feet (nearly 3.7 million m³), surpassing the volume of the largest pyramid of the Ai civilization. Update. According to his estimates, at least 5,000 people needed to work continuously for more than 6 years to complete this project. Researchers believe that this is a “ritual performance center”, for gathering purposes. meetings, such as communion activities or ancient rituals.

The complex’s construction is believed to have begun around 1000 BC, based on radiocarbon dating from the area. However, the lack of surrounding older structures suggests that it is likely that the area’s inhabitants moved between temporary residential “stations” for hunting and gathering.

No residential structures have been found around the platform, so researchers are unclear about the population that once lived next to the complex. Archaeologist Jon Lohse shared that he believes this is typical evidence for early Mayan society, demonstrating people’s high ability to coordinate in a society that favors equality, with little class division. level clearly. Co-author of the study, Ms. Verónica Vázquez López of the University of Calgary, believes that the work is symbolic, demonstrating the bonds between many groups of people over several generations. This belief is reinforced by evidence found in the area, such as jade ax blades that could represent milestones in the completion of the project, or patches of different colored soil arranged according to the pattern. details, may represent the many groups of people who contributed to the population.

To reinforce the above point, Ms. Vázquez López shared that today, residents in different areas in some towns in Mexico still take turns cleaning the squares of the central church where they live.

This monumental structure at Aguada Fénix was abandoned before 750 BC. More than 1,000 years later, during the Classic Maya period, later inhabitants built taller pyramids in the same area. However, these newer buildings are only reserved for those with social status, with much smaller podiums and less space for the community to gather and gather like before.